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Genotoxicity of nano- and micron-sized manganese oxide in rats after acute oral treatment
Link to Journal Abstract
The use of nanotechnology has led to rapid growth in various areas. Manganese oxide (MnO2) nanomaterials (NMs) are typically used for biomedical applications. However, characterizing the potential human health effects of MnO2 NMs is required before fully exploiting these materials. The aim of this study was to investigate the acute oral toxicity of MnO2 NMs and MnO2-bulk particles in female albino Wistar rats. The genotoxic effects were examined using comet, micronucleus and chromosomal aberration assays. Nanosized MnO2 (45 nm) significantly (p < 0.01) increased DNA damage in peripheral blood leukocytes and micronuclei and enhanced chromosomal aberrations in the bone marrow cells at 1000 mg/kg bw. These findings showed that the neurotoxicity of MnO2-45 nm in the brain and red blood cells, as determined through acetylcholinesterase activity, was significantly (p < 0.01) inhibited at 1000 and 500 mg/kg bw doses. MnO2-45 nm disrupted the physicochemical state and neurological system of the animals through alterations in ATPases via the total Na+ľK+, Mg2+ and Ca2+ levels in the brain P2 fraction. In addition, 500 and 1000 mg/kg bw doses of MnO2-45 nm caused significant changes in AST, ALT and LDH levels in the liver, kidney and serum of treated rats. Significant tissue distribution was found in all tissues in a dose- and time-dependent manner. MnO2-45 nm exhibited much higher absorptivity and tissue distribution compared with MnO2-bulk. A large fraction of MnO2-45 nm was cleared in the urine and feces. The histopathological analysis revealed that MnO2-45 nm caused alterations in the liver, spleen and brain. These findings will provide fundamental information regarding the potential toxicities and biodistribution of nano and bulk MnO2 generated through acute oral treatment.
The aim of this study was to investigate the acute oral toxicity of manganese oxide (MnO2) nanomaterials (NMs) and MnO2-bulk particles in female albino Wistar rats. The genotoxic effects were examined using comet, micronucleus and chromosomal aberration assays.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article
Exposure Or Hazard Target
Method Of Study
Risk Exposure Group
Mutation Research/Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis, 754(1-2): 39-50 (June 2013)
Mutation Research/ Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis
Singh SP, Kumari M, Kumari SI, Rahman MF, Kamal SSK, Mahboob M, Grover P
Last updated on June 26, 2013
This work is supported in part by the Nanoscale Science and Engineering Initiative of the National Science Foundation
under NSF Award Number EEC-0118007.
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