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Interactions of inorganic oxide nanoparticles with sewage biosolids
Link to Journal Abstract
The use of nanoparticles (NPs) in manufacturing continues to increase despite the growing concern over their potential environmental and health effects. Understanding the interaction of NPs and sewage sludge is crucial for determining the ultimate fate of NPs released to municipal wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) as those interactions will determine whether the bulk of the material is retained in the sludge or released in the effluent stream. Analyzing the affinity of aluminum oxide, cerium oxide, and silicon oxide NPs, which are commonly used in semiconductor manufacturing processes, for biosolids used in municipal WWTPs provides a basis for estimating their removal efficiency. Batch studies were performed and the NPs were shown to partition onto the cellular surface. At the maximum equilibrium values tested (75–92 mg nanoparticles/L), the concentration of Al2O3, CeO2 and SiO2 associated with the sludge was 137, 238, and 28 mg/g-sludge VSS, respectively. These results suggest that electrostatic interactions play a major role in determining NP association with biosolids.
In this investigation, batch studies were performed to analyze the affinity of aluminum oxide, cerium oxide, and silicon oxide nanoparticles (NPs), which are commonly used in semiconductor manufacturing processes, for biosolids used in municipal wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs).
Peer Reviewed Journal Article
Exposure Or Hazard Target
Method Of Study
Environmental Fate and Transport
Risk Exposure Group
Water Science & Technology, 2012, 66(9): 1821-1827
Water Science & Technology
Rottman J, Shadman F, Sierra-Alvarez R
Last updated on September 18, 2012
This work is supported in part by the Nanoscale Science and Engineering Initiative of the National Science Foundation
under NSF Award Number EEC-0118007.
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