ICON Web & News
Search Using OECD Database
Return to Previous Page
Addition or Correction
Nanoparticle iron chelators: a new therapeutic approach in Alzheimer disease and other neurologic disorders associated with trace metal imbalance
Link to Journal Abstract
Accumulating evidence suggests that oxidative stress may be a major etiologic factor in initiating and promoting neurodegeneration in Alzheimer disease. Contributing to this, there is a dyshomeostasis of metal ions in Alzheimer disease with abnormally high levels of redox-active metals, particularly iron, in affected areas of the brain. Although it is unclear whether metal excesses are the sole cause of oxidative stress and neurodegeneration or a by-product of neuronal loss, the finding that metal chelators can partially solubilize amyloid-beta deposits in Alzheimer disease suggests a promising therapeutic role for chelating agents. However, the blood-brain barrier and toxicity of known chelators limit their utility. In this study, we suggest that covalent conjugation of iron chelators with nanoparticles may help overcome the limitations in blood-brain barrier permeability of existing chelation therapy. Using in vitro studies, we have shown that a chelator-nanoparticle system and the chelator-nanoparticle system complexed with iron, when incubated with human plasma, preferentially adsorb apolipoprotein E and apolipoprotein A-I, that would facilitate transport into and out of the brain via mechanisms used for transporting low-density lipoprotein. Our studies suggest a unique approach, utilizing nanoparticles, to transport chelators and chelator-metal complexes in both directions across the blood-brain barrier, thus providing safer and more effective chelation treatment in Alzheimer disease and other neurodegenerative diseases.
This paper demonstrates the ability of nanoparticles to assist in chelators getting across a simulated blood-brain barrier, binding to metals and then carrying the metal ions back out through the BBB. Chelation therapy is a promising avenue for restoring the proper balance of metal ions in the brain. An imbalance of metal ions has been implicated in degeneration of brain tissue associated with Alzheimer's disease. This study was done in cell culture.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article
Neurosci Lett. 2006 Oct 9;406(3):189-93. Epub 2006 Aug 21
Liu G, Men P, Harris PL, Rolston RK, Perry G, Smith MA
Last updated on September 25, 2007
This work is supported in part by the Nanoscale Science and Engineering Initiative of the National Science Foundation
under NSF Award Number EEC-0118007.
Why Join Us?
Mission and Strategy
Good Nano Guide
Nano EHS Research Needs
Current Practices Survey