ICON Web & News
Search Using OECD Database
Return to Previous Page
Addition or Correction
Nanodiagnostics: A new frontier for clinical laboratory medicine
Link to Journal Abstract
Background: The use of nanotechnologies for diagnostic applications shows great promise to meet the rigorous demands of the clinical laboratory for sensitivity and cost-effectiveness. New nanodiagnostic tools include quantum dots (QDs), gold nanoparticles, and cantilevers. QDs, which are the most promising nanostructures for diagnostic applications, are semiconductor nanocrystals characterized by high photostability, single-wavelength excitation, and size-tunable emission. QDs and magnetic nanoparticles can be used for barcoding of specific analytes. Gold and magnetic nanoparticles are key components of the bio-barcode assay, which has been proposed as a future alternative to the PCR.
Methods: We examined articles published over the past 10 years investigating the use of QDs, gold nanoparticles, cantilevers, and other nanotechnologies in promising diagnostic applications. Results: Several nanodiagnostic assays have been developed, including a QD-based assay capable of detecting biotinylated prostate-specific antigen (PSA) at 0.38 ng/L, a bio-barcode assay capable of detecting 30 amol/L PSA in a 10-mu L sample, and another able to detect 50 molecules of the Alzheimer marker amyloid beta-derived diffusible ligand in 10 mu L of cerebrospinal fluid. Conclusions: Nanodiagnostics promise increased sensitivity, multiplexing capabilities, and reduced cost for many diagnostic applications as well as intracellular imaging. Further work is needed to fully optimize these diagnostic nanotechnologies for clinical laboratory setting and to address the potential health and environmental risks related to QDs.
A review of mostly ex vivo applications of nanoparticles to amyloid disease detection
Exposure Or Hazard Target
Method Of Study
Risk Exposure Group
CLINICAL CHEMISTRY 52 (7): 1238-1246 JUL 2006
Azzazy HME, Mansour MMH, Kazmierczak SC
Last updated on September 24, 2007
This work is supported in part by the Nanoscale Science and Engineering Initiative of the National Science Foundation
under NSF Award Number EEC-0118007.
Why Join Us?
Mission and Strategy
Good Nano Guide
Nano EHS Research Needs
Current Practices Survey