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The effect of lipid nanoparticle PEGylation on neuroinflammatory response in mouse brain
Link to Journal Abstract
Nanocarrier-based drug delivery systems have attracted wide interest for the treatment of brain disease. However, neurotoxicity of nanoparticle has limited their therapeutic application. Here we demonstrated that lipid nanoparticles (LNs) accumulated in the brain parenchyma within 3 h of intravenous injection to mice and persisted for more than 24 weeks, coinciding with a dramatic activation of brain microglia. Morphological characteristic of microglial activation also observed in LNs-treated Cx3cr1GFP/+ mice. In vivo study with two-photon confocal microscopy revealed abnormal Ca2+ waves in microglia following LNs injection. The correlated activation of caspase-1, IL-1â and neurovascular damage following LNs injection was attenuated in P2X7−/− mice. PEGylation of LNs reduced correlated nanoparticles aggregation. Moreover, PEGylation of LNs ameliorated the P2X7/caspase-1/IL-1â signalling-dependent microglia activation and neurovascular damage. In conclusion, PEGylation of LNs is a promising biomaterial for brain-targeted therapy that inhibits P2X7-dependent neuroinflammatory response.
In this study, the authors demonstrated that lipid nanoparticles (LNs) accumulated in the brain parenchyma within 3 h of intravenous injection to mice and persisted for more than 24 weeks, coinciding with a dramatic activation of brain microglia.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article
Exposure Or Hazard Target
Method Of Study
Risk Exposure Group
Biomaterials, 34(32): 7960-7970 (October 2013)
Huang JY, Lu YM, Wang H, Liu J, Liao MH, Hong LJ, Tao RR, Ahmed MM, Liu P, Liu SS, Fukunaga K, Du YZ, Han F
Last updated on September 25, 2013
This work is supported in part by the Nanoscale Science and Engineering Initiative of the National Science Foundation
under NSF Award Number EEC-0118007.
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