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Multi-walled carbon nanotubes induce apoptosis via mitochondrial pathway and scavenger receptor
Link to Journal Abstract
We have demonstrated previously that the acid-treated multi-walled carbon nanotubes (aci-MWCNTs) and taurine functionalized MWCNTs (tau-MWCNTs) induced differential pulmonary toxicity in mice after instillation exposure. In order to compare differences of cytotoxicity between the aci- and tau-MWCNTs, RAW 264.7 cells (a murine macrophage cell line) were chosen to be exposed to the aci- and tau-MWCNTs at concentrations of 0, 5, 20, 40, and 80 ėg/ml for 12 or 24 h respectively. The results showed that although the aci- and tau-MWCNTs induced only mild decrease in cell viability to RAW 264.7 cells, the two types of MWCNTs elicited significant increase in apoptosis and decreased ability in cellular phagocytosis. Moreover, by using the specific inhibitors, we found that the scavenger receptors (SR) and caspase-9 were actively involved in the apoptosis induced by the aci- and tau-MWCNTs. The taurine functionalized MWCNTs (tau-MWCNTs) showed less cytotoxicity and apoptotic effect to RAW 264.7 cells than those of aci-MWCNTs. Taken together, the results indicated the important role of scavenger receptors and mitochondria in the apoptosis induced by MWCNTs.
In order to compare differences of cytotoxicity between acid-treated multi-walled carbon nanotubes (aci-MWCNTs) and taurine functionalized MWCNTs (tau-MWCNTs), RAW 264.7 cells (a murine macrophage cell line) were chosen to be exposed to the aci- and tau-MWCNTs at various concentrations for this study.
Peer Reviewed Journal Article
Exposure Or Hazard Target
Method Of Study
Risk Exposure Group
Toxicology in Vitro, 26(6): 799-806 (September 2012)
Toxicology in Vitro
Wang X, Guo J, Chen T, Nie H, Wang H, Zang J, Cui X, Jia G
Last updated on August 21, 2012
This work is supported in part by the Nanoscale Science and Engineering Initiative of the National Science Foundation
under NSF Award Number EEC-0118007.
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